About Spain

STATE officially the Kingdom of Spain is a sovereign state located on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe. Its mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the Bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.

Spanish territory also includes two archipelagos; the Balearic Islands, in the Mediterranean Sea, and the Canary Islands, in the Atlantic Ocean off the African coast; two major exclaves, Ceuta and Melilla, in continental North Africa; and the islands and peñones (rocks) of Alborán, Alhucemas, Chafarinas and Vélez de la Gomera. With an area of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in Europe.

NATIONAL FLAG as it is defined in the Spanish Constitution of 1978, consists of three horizontal stripes: red, yellow and red, the yellow stripe being twice the size of each red stripe.

CAPITAL CITY Madrid is the capital and largest city of Spain. The population of the city is almost 3.2 million and that of the Madrid metropolitan area, around 6.3 million. It is the third-largest city in the European Union, after London and Berlin.

NATIONAL DAY October 12. It commemorates the anniversary of Christopher Columbus’s first arrival in the Americas.

GOVERNMENT Spain is a constitutional monarchy governed under the constitution of 1978.

TIMEZONE Local time is GMT +1 hours.

CURRENCY The official currency is € Euro.


OFFICIAL LANGUAGE Spanish is the official language.

GEOGRAPHY Location: The largest part of the territory is located in the Iberian Peninsula, the remainder, approximately 12,500 square kilometers, are islands, -Balearics and the Canary Islandsplus 32 square kilometers that are accounted for by the cities of Ceuta and Melilla, situated on the coast of Africa. The situation of the Iberian Peninsula in the extreme south west of Europe and only14 kilometers away from the African continent, endows Spain with a great strategic value: projecting into the Mediterranean on one side and acting as an intersection on the path to Africa and America on the other. The fact that a large part of Spain is peninsular also explains the length of its coastline, which runs along the Atlantic Ocean and the mediterranean Sea.

Latitude: 40° 26’ North
Longitude: 3° 42’ West


Spain has three major climate zones, Continental, Atlantic and Mediterranean, which are related to
the topography of the landscape of the central highlands and modified due to Spain’s southerly and
westerly position relative to the rest of Europe and its juxtaposition between the Atlantic Ocean and
the Mediterranean basin.

POPULATION Inhabitants: As of January 1, 2014, Spain had a total population of 46,507,760. Its
population density, at 91.4 inhabitants per square kilometer (237/sq mi), is lower than that of most
Western European countries. With the exception of the capital Madrid, the most densely populated
areas lie around the coast.

POPULATION DENSITY (people per sq. km) in Spain was last measured at 92.36 in 2010.

BIRTHS On average 1.47 children per woman.

POPULATION GROWTH -0.2 % annual.

Age structure:
0-14 years: 15.4% (male 3,791,781/female 3,575,157)
15-24 years: 9.6% (male 2,370,289/female 2,212,511)
25-54 years: 45.9% (male 11,158,451/female 10,752,197)
55-64 years: 11.4% (male 2,662,055/female 2,799,379)
65 years and over: 17.6% (male 3,582,643/female 4,833,478)

LIFE EXPECTANCY Male: 79 years Female: 84 years.

RELIGION Roman Catholicism is the official religion of Spain.


Honorary members

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